Discover the rich cultural background behind this major world religion. Spiritual knowledge of hinduism is contained in texts called shruti what is heard and smriti what is remembered. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Religious texts are texts related to a religious tradition.
The secret of this success of the hindu religion lies in the fact in its practical approach towards human life, belief in eternal truths, and modifications made without changing the basic beliefs. Learn about major festivals, celebrations, and rites of passage. If youre following the news, you know that the major religions differ in their interpretation of the holy books. Turning believers into nonbelievers and nonbelievers into believers. As in 2010, india will top that list, followed by nepal and bangladesh. Thats the chief reason why it does not have one single holy book nor a first prophet. If youre interested in knowing the most important aspects of the longest lasting religion in history, this reading list is for you. More than 20% of countries have official state religions survey. Find out where hinduism originated, trace its history, and explore the meanings of its symbols. With about 470 million followers, scholars consider buddhism one of. Buddhism is a religion that was founded by siddhartha gautama the buddha more than 2,500 years ago in india. Scholars hesitate in defining the term hindu scriptures given the diverse na ture of h induism, but many list the bhagavad gita and the. These celebrities were not born hindu, but they follow hinduism.
Feller learn with flashcards, games, and more for free. Over 320,000,000 hindus live in the united states, and more. Turning believers into nonbelievers and nonbelievers into believers achuthananda, swami on. These texts are glorious tales of the hindu trinity brahma, vishnu and maheshwar shiva. Why is there only one country of hinduism or hindu religion.
Most countries with religious requirements for heads of state are in the. In 30 countries, heads of state must belong to a certain religion. Start studying judaism,christianity, hinduism,buddhism. The institutes of vishnu sbe 7 julius jolly, translator 1880 sacred books of the east, vol. Download the bible, the holy quran, the mahabharata and thousands of free pdf ebooks on buddhism, meditation etc. Judaism,christianity,hinduism,buddhism flashcards quizlet. This follows the mass exodus of nonmuslims from pakistan after partition in. Ramayana and mahabharata are the two important holy books of hinduism. It is a very personal religion and hence variations are large nad at the same tim. In addition, countries with stateendorsed or established faiths tend to more severely regulate religious practice. Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, pantheistic, monotheistic, monistic, agnostic, atheistic or humanist. The puranas are holy books of hinduism that date back to gupta empire in ancient india. The problem with hinduism is that it is a mixture of many beliefs. Hinduism, has many holy books, but most popular is shreemad bhagavad gita, upanishads and veda.
Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, pantheistic, panentheistic, pandeistic, henotheistic, monotheistic, monistic, agnostic, atheistic or humanist. There are also large number of hindu populations present in the countries like guyana, nepal, united states, fiji, singapore, sri lanka, indonesia and others. Ramadan doesnt stop indonesia from celebrating hindu epics. Why is hinduism restricted largely to just one country, and islam and. Hinduism simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Prominent themes in hindu beliefs include the four puru. These celebrities were not born hindu, but they follow. Projected changes in the global hindu population pew research.
They have a holy book called the quran, which they believe is the word of allah handed down by the angel gabriel. What are the similarities between judaism and hinduism. Hindu texts are manuscripts and historical literature related to any of the diverse traditions withi n hinduis m. They also follow an ethical code called the code of manu. An alternate reading of the holy books might lead you to rig a donkey cart with small mortar rockets and aim it at a hotel full of infidels. They visit holy places as per their dharmik yatra to get blessings from the god. Buddhism began in northeastern india and is based on the teachings of siddhartha gautama. Bbc year of beliefs to shine light on faith and values in modern uk. Both the countries follow the democratic system of governance. Hinduism is diverse on ideas on spirituality and traditions, but has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophets nor any binding holy book.
India is one of the few countries in the world where hinduism is the majority religions. Hinduism is also the fastest growing religion in ireland and italy. The religion is 2,500 years old and is followed by 350 million buddhists worldwide. British india was split into what are now the independent nations of india and.
The most religious countries, ranked by perception best. The primary sacred texts, known as the vedas, were composed around 1500 b. In 2012, it was anointed by the guinness book as the most continuously staged performance in the world. The 5 best things about being hindu facts about hinduism. The countries with more than 5,000 hindu residents and citizens include in decreasing.
They differ from literary texts by being a compilation or discussion of beliefs, mythologies, ritual practices, commandments or laws, ethical conduct, spiritual aspirations and by creating or fostering a religious community. Bhagavadgita provides depth of knowledge not easily accessible to people in the western countries. Hinduism holy book important books and writings of hinduism sacred text of hinduism some important books and writings on hinduism hinduism does not possess a single holy book like bible in christianity and quran in islamic dharma. The same logic can be extended to rules, religious books, beliefs, practices. The holy book in the hindu religion is known as the vedas. Meanwhile, the united states, with freedom to practice religion guaranteed in its. Muslims, and it prohibits public practice of hinduism and other nonmuslim religions. In 2010, hindus were the largest religious group in the asiapacific region. Hinduism has no traditional ecclesiastical order, no centralized religious authorities, no governing body, no prophets nor any binding holy book. In fact if we read the puranic stories of hinduism, they allude to a belief. White evangelicals see trump as fighting for their beliefs, though.
Hindu holy book coming to a nightstand near you cnn. In the worlds largest muslim nation, hindu epics survive. The belief system in the hindi religion is outlined from these scriptures. Other holy scriptures in hinduism are called the upanisads, the smrutis, the puranas, the ramayana and the mahabharata. Hinduism did not start as a religion in the modern or the western sense. However, some of these books and songs became more popular than others and came to define the culture and religion we know today as hinduism. Hindus, sikhs, buddhists, jains, parsis and christians who have entered india. Hindus value many sacred writings as opposed to one holy book.
Why is a great religion like hinduism not spreading around. These texts discuss diverse theology, mythology, rituals, rites of passage. In the history of mankind, many cultures have come and gone but hinduism has withstood many challenges posed by the time and has spread all over the world. Some hindus especially in villages are pure polytheists who worship their family and village deities. What are the top ten religions and what is the holy book. For example, one way to interpret gods will is that you should love your neighbor. Starting in the 1960s, many hindus migrated to north. British india was split into what are now the independent nations of india and pakistan, and hinduism became the major religion of india. Hinduism has more than a billion adherents, most of whom live in india though there are also many hindus who live in other countries. The report in fact predicts that, by 2050, muslims will surpass hindus as the largest religious group in. They got their present form between 1200200 bce and were introduced to. Hindu beliefs and practices are enormously diverse, varying over time and among individuals.
The vedas are scriptures that the hindu people use as a guide to daily and religious life. This sacred text is divided into two main sections, the old testament and the new testament which are then further divided into various books. The most holy of the hindu books is written in sanskrit and is referred to as the vedas. Holy places are the most important places visited by most of hinduism followers across the country. Largest religions in the world in 2020 countries of the. The concept of spiritualism, nature and god described in this holy book should be shared for the benefit of all humanity, he said. Their religious beliefs and practices, 2nd edition, routledge, isbn 9780415456777, page 8. These are the most ancient religious texts which define truth for hindus. There are no centralised tenets or designated books. Read and learn for free about the following article. Projected population change in countries with largest hindu populations in 2010.
Hinduism is a religion that follows the vedas or the hindu holy book. Hinduism includes a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions, but has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet s nor any binding holy book. Hinduism download books, sacred, spiritual texts and pdf. Hinduism holy book important books and writings of hinduism. Thus there is a lot of diversity in how hinduism is practised. In addition, countries with state endorsed or established faiths tend to more severely regulate religious practice. However, the puranas are supposed to be complied by muni vyasa. The countries with more than 5,000 hindu residents and citizens include in decreasing order india, nepal, bangladesh, indonesia especially in bali, which is 84% hindu, pakistan, sri lanka, malaysia, singapore, united states, myanmar, united kingdom, canada, south africa, mauritius, and the caribbean west indies. The government argues that minorities in those countries are dwindling.
Hindus believe in the doctrines of samsara the continuous cycle of life. Most of 43 countries with a state religion are in middle east and north. Connecticut, but she converted to hinduism when she went on the journey that inspired her to write her bestselling book. This holy book is written in the sanskrit language. The smriti literature is a vast corpus of diverse texts, and includes but is not limited to vedangas, the hindu epics, the sutras and shastras, the texts of hindu philosophies, the puranas, the kavya or poetical literature, the bhasyas, and numerous nibandhas digests covering politics. In some countries, religion isnt just a way of life its the law. Buddhism is the main religion in many asian countries.
Bhagavad gita the technical part of book 6 of the mahabharata is also the world famous one. A few texts are shared resources across these traditions and broadly considered as hi ndu scriptures. Hinduism had actually started off as a variant of humanism and naturalism. A book on british rule in india, banned and held seditious. The holy books of world religions sacred texts in world. What follows is a twohour enactment from the mahabharata. The other major religions in india include islam, christianity, and sikhism, which represent 14. It is a religion about suffering and the need to get rid of it. The scriptures of the vedas are meant to guide hindu believers in their daily lives. Quran is the holy book and acted by the muslims living in the different countries of the world. In indonesia, the country with the worlds largest muslim population. Muslims, and it prohibits public practice of hinduism and other non muslim religions. All vedas are holy books but unfortunately most of them are not available now.589 94 283 580 1202 819 45 1210 248 1154 32 1458 851 705 129 533 1098 511 222 16 1137 466 196 603 1446 798 96 1446 1512 1411 810 906 88 1473 1156 316 1090 1142 890 1052 1277 1307 1440 111 19